Discussion Papers

Discussion Papers present topics and technology issues being considered in the Working Groups of the OGC Technical Committee. Discussion Papers serve as a means to advance new topics and promote interoperability concepts within the geospatial industry. These papers do not represent the official position of the Open Geospatial Consortium nor of the OGC Technical Committee. Schemas for some of these documents can be at the Discussion Paper Schema Repository.
Document Title (click to view/download)OGC Doc.# Editor Publication Date
CDB X Conceptual Model with Prototyping Examples and Recommendations  20-092  David Graham, Carl Reed 2022
This Discussion Paper documents the results and recommendations of the rapid prototyping activities conducted during the 3D Geospatial Series Tech Sprint II - OGC CDB 2.0 (aka CDB X). This activity was performed in support of Special Operations Forces (SOF) Future Concepts. This effort hopes to acce ...Click to continue reading

The HDF5 profile for labeled point cloud data  21-077  Taehoon Kim, Wijae Cho, Kyoung-Sook Kim 2022
Point cloud data are unstructured three-dimensional sample points to express the basic shape of objects and spaces. However, it is challenging to automatically generate continuous surfaces and infer semantic structures, such as cars, trees, buildings and roads, from a dataset of point clouds generat ...Click to continue reading

Extensions of IndoorGML 1.1 - Indoor Affordance Spaces  21-010r2  Taehoon Kim, Kyoung-Sook Kim, Jiyeong Lee, Ki-Joune Li 2022
The OGC IndoorGML standard provides a fundamental data model for representing indoor spaces as spatial, topological, and semantic features. The IndoorGML core module allows applications to extend the model with their semantic considerations. For example, the IndoorGML navigation module classifies th ...Click to continue reading

OGC Conceptual Modeling Discussion Paper  21-041r2  Sam Meek 2022
Historically, conceptual modeling was utilized sporadically within the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). Models were used in OGC standards both informatively and normatively to describe the structure of the information within a standard for a particular domain. As independent standards-development o ...Click to continue reading

OGC: Towards Data Cube Interoperability  21-067  Ingo Simonis 2021
Data cubes, multidimensional arrays of data, are used frequently these days, but differences in design, interfaces, and handling of temporal characteristics are causing interoperability challenges for anyone interacting with more than one solution. To address these challenges, the Open Geospatial Co ...Click to continue reading

OGC Technical Paper on the Standards Landscape for Building Data  21-037  Josh Lieberman 2021
Data about buildings and building structures play roles at scales from neighborhoods to nations in creating, protecting, regulating, and understanding the built environment. This report examines standards which may be useful in defining the structure and content of building data at a national scale, ...Click to continue reading

Standardizing a Framework for Spatial and Spectral Error Propagation  20-088  K. Navulur, M.C. Abrams 2021
This OGC Discussion Paper presents a proposal that recommends the development of Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards that define a framework for location-based service metrics that inform the spatial, spectral, and temporal errors associated with various data sources. This paper discusses cur ...Click to continue reading

Built environment data standards and their integration: an analysis of IFC, CityGML and LandInfra  19-091r2  Thomas Gilbert, Carsten Rönsdorf, Jim Plume, Scott Simmons, Nick Nisbet, Hans-Christoph Gruler, Thom 2021
Demand for digital representations of built environments is accelerating and can only be satisfied through greater software interoperability and data integration. The objective of the Integrated Digital Built Environment (IDBE) joint working group is to address this challenge by bringing together ex ...Click to continue reading

An Extension Model to attach Points of Interest into IndoorGML  20-054r1  Kyoung-Sook Kim, Jiyeong Lee 2021
The scope of this discussion paper is to investigate types of Point of Interest (POI) data in indoor space and propose a conceptual model to harmonize the POI information with the IndoorGML core and navigation modules. In particular, this document focuses on the management of spatial (and non-spatia ...Click to continue reading

QB4ST: RDF Data Cube extensions for spatio-temporal components  16-142  Rob Atkinson 2020
This document describes an extension to the existing RDF Data Cube ontology to support specification of key metadata required to interpret spatio-temporal data. The RDF Data Cube defines CodedProperties, which relate to a reference system based on a list of terms, QB4ST provides generalized support ...Click to continue reading

Overview of the CoverageJSON format  16-145  Jon Blower, Maik Riechert, Bill Roberts 2020
This Note describes CoverageJSON, a data format for describing "coverage" data in JavaScript Object Notation (JSON), and provides an overview of its design and capabilities. The primary intended purpose of the format is to enable data transfer between servers and web browsers, to support t ...Click to continue reading

Publishing and Using Earth Observation Data with the RDF Data Cube and the Discrete Global Grid System  16-125  Dmitry Brizhinev, Sam Toyer, Kerry Taylor 2020
This document describes how dense geospatial raster data can be represented using the W3C RDF Data Cube (QB) ontology [vocab-data-cube] in concert with other popular ontologies including the W3C/OGC Semantic Sensor Network ontology (SSN) [vocab-ssn], the W3C/OGC Time ontology (Time) [owl-time], the ...Click to continue reading

OGC Body of Knowledge - Version 0.1 - Discussion Paper  19-077  Gobe Hobona 2020
The OGC Body of Knowledge is a structured collection of concepts and related resources that can be found in the OGC library. It is, in effect, a view of explicit knowledge available from the OGC Virtual Knowledge Store and related components such as the OGC Definitions Server and the OGC Glossary of ...Click to continue reading

An Experiment to Link Geo-Referenced Multimedia and CityGML Features  19-090r1  Ki-Joune Li, Sung-Hwan Kim, Yong-Bok Choi 2020
In this paper, we present an experiment on linking geo-referenced images and videos with CityGML objects. Data models are proposed with XML schema from two viewpoints: one for linking features in 2D images or videos with 3D CityGML objects and the other for camera FoV (Field of View). In order to va ...Click to continue reading

CityGML Urban Planning ADE for i-Urban Revitalization  20-000r1  Nobuhiro Ishimaru, Chikako Kurokawa, Yuichi Tanaka, Tomohisa Oishi, Kentaro Akahoshi, Tatjana Kutzne 2020
This OGC Discussion Paper introduces the CityGML Urban Planning Application Domain Extension (ADE) published by the Japanese government for the "i-Urban Revitalization" (i-UR). The i-UR is an information infrastructure dedicated for urban planning to contribute to data-driven urban develo ...Click to continue reading

Anchor Node Extension in IndoorGML - Seamless Navigation between Indoor and Outdoor Space  19-004  Kyoung-Sook Kim, Jiyeong Lee 2019
This OGC discussion paper provides an extension module of OGC Indoor Geography Markup Language (IndoorGML) for the seamless navigation between indoor and outdoor spaces. The OGC IndoorGML standard has an issue on the data model that affects the connection of indoor and outdoor spaces via an “Ancho ...Click to continue reading

Proposed OGC GeoPackage Enhancements  19-047  Jeff Yutzler 2019
The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) GeoPackage Encoding Standard was developed for the purpose of providing an open, standards-based, platform-independent, portable, self-describing, compact format for transferring geospatial information. GeoPackage has proven to be an effective "container&quo ...Click to continue reading

Discussion Paper - JSON Encodings for EO Coverages  19-042r1  Lewis John McGibbney 2019
This discussion paper documents and concludes one year (2018-2019) of work undertaken by a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Earth Science Data System Working Group focused on exploring JSON Encodings in Earth Observation Coverages. The primary function of this paper is to ensure ...Click to continue reading

OGC CDB, Leveraging GeoPackage Discussion Paper  18-077r2  Jay Freeman, Kevin Bentley, Ronald Moore, Samuel Chambers, Glen Quesenberry 2019
This paper offers the results of research, design, and prototype efforts to present the OGC standards working group an approach to creating “GeoCDB”—a technology mashing of GeoPackage and OGC CDB—as a deterministic repository of easily read data geospatial datasets suitable for storage, runt ...Click to continue reading

GeoDCAT-AP  18-001r1  Lieven Raes, Danny Vandenbroucke, Tomas Reznik 2019
Improving discoverability of open geo-data and information is vital to increasing the use of these data in- and outside the geospatial expert community. In this document we start to compare existing metadata standards, e.g., Dublin Core, ISO 19115/57/19, and INSPIRE, in the geospatial- and open da ...Click to continue reading

OGC SensorThings API Tasking Core Discussion Paper  18-056  Steve Liang, Tania Khalafbeigi, Kan Luo 2018
This discussion paper offers descriptions and provides JSON examples of TaskingCapabilities and Tasks for the SensorThings Application Programming Interface (API).

GeoPackage / OWS Context Harmonization Discussion Paper  18-037r1  Jeff Yutzler 2018
This OGC discussion paper presents an approach to harmonize the OGC GeoPackage and OWS Context standards through a set of extensions. GeoPackage is an open, standards-based, platform-independent, portable, self-describing, compact format for storing and transferring geospatial data and information a ...Click to continue reading

Geospatial Standardization of Distributed Ledger Technologies  18-041r1  Gobe Hobona, Bart De Lathouwer 2018
This discussion paper is organized as follows. Background: This section introduces DLT and blockchain, as well as the structure of blocks. Case Studies: This section presents an overview of example projects that use or are studying blockchain within a geospatial context. Current Standardiza ...Click to continue reading

OGC Moving Features Encoding Extension: netCDF  16-114r2  Martin Desruisseaux 2018
The netCDF Moving Features encoding extension is a summary of conventions that supports efficient exchange of simple moving features as binary files. This Discussion Paper is a complement to the Moving Features Encoding Part I: XML Core and an alternative to the Simple Comma Separated Values (CSV) e ...Click to continue reading

Ensuring Quality of User Experience with OGC Web Mapping Services - Discussion Paper  17-049  C. Mitchell, M. Gordon, T. Kralidis 2018
This paper is intended to identify usability issues associated with use of OGC web mapping services that affect the quality of experience a user may have when accessing and using OGC web services and discuss potential solutions and guidance to address these issues. Additionally, guidance on evalu ...Click to continue reading

Technical report from the DGIWG Portrayal Technical Panel testing of SLD (1.1.0) for OGC  17-059  Lars Schylberg, Lubos Belka 2017
The DGIWG Portrayal Technical Panel (DPTP) has been investigating how to standardize the portrayal of military context symbology within Web Services. The team sought to use version 1.1.0 of OGC Style Layer Descriptor standard and version 1.1.0 of Symbology Encoding (SLD and SE) standard to achieve t ...Click to continue reading

Semantic Sensor Network Ontology  16-079  Armin Haller, Krzysztof Janowicz, Simon Cox, Danh Le Phuoc, Kerry Taylor, Maxime Lefrançois 2017
The Semantic Sensor Network (SSN) ontology is an ontology for describing sensors and their observations, the involved procedures, the studied features of interest, the samples used to do so, and the observed properties, as well as actuators. SSN follows a horizontal and vertical modularization archi ...Click to continue reading

Standardized Information Models to Optimize Exchange, Reusability and Comparability of Citizen Science Data (SWE4CS)  16-129  Ingo Simonis, Rob Atkinson 2017
This discussion paper describes a data model for the standardized exchange of citizen science sampling data. To do that it applies the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) to Citizen Science (SWE4CS). In particular, exposes how Observations and Measurements (O&M) can be used to model the data of the Citi ...Click to continue reading

OGC® Web Query Service  14-121r2  Peter Baumann 2016
This OGC Web Query Service (WQS) defines a service interface for retrieving any kind of subset of information provided by the server addressed. WQS is com¬pletely agnostic of any semantics and, therefore, not bound to any predefined structures, such as coordinates, fea-tures, coverages, or metadata ...Click to continue reading

Comparing CityGML and IndoorGML based on a use case at Lotte World Mall  16-012r1  Ki-Joune Li, Hyung-Gyu Ryu, Hak-Cheol Kim, Jun Hee Lee, Joo-Ho Lee 2016
This OGC Discussion Paper provides a comparison between the OGC CityGML and IndoorGML standards. The goals and approaches of these two standards are different and they can be used in a complementary way. This discussion paper aims to compare the strengths and weakness of the standards, and explain h ...Click to continue reading

Spatial Data on the Web Use Cases & Requirements  15-074r2  Frans Knibbe, Alejandro Llaves 2016
This document describes use cases that demand a combination of geospatial and non-geospatial data sources and techniques. It underpins the collaborative work of the Spatial Data on the Web Working Groups operated by both W3C and OGC.

OGC Benefits of Indoor Location - Use Case Survey of Lessons Learned and Expectations  16-084  Giuseppe Conti, Fabio Malabocchia, Ki-Joune Li, George Percivall, Kirk Burroughs, Stuart Strickland 2016
Indoor location technologies are enjoying and increasing market success. Technologies in the market have achieved maturity and have become a key driver for innovation and business activities in several value added scenarios, e.g. e-government services, eHealth, personal mobility, logistics, mobility ...Click to continue reading

AHA-ML (Active and Healthy Ageing Mark-up Language) an O&M profile - Discussion Paper  15-116  Giuseppe Conti, Fabio Roncato 2016
This document provides a proposal for a new O&M (Observations and Measurements) profile focused on Active and Healthy Ageing, called AHA-ML (Active and Healthy Ageing Mark-up Language) an O&M profile - Discussion Paper). This document introduces the overall need for such a profile and it dis ...Click to continue reading

Implications for an OGC GeoPackage Symbology Encoding Standard  15-122r1  Randolph Gladish 2016
The GeoPackage Standards Working Group (SWG) presents a discussion of symbology encapsulation for conveying presentation information for vector features contained within in a GeoPackage.

Use of Geography Markup Language (GML) for Aviation Data  12-028r1  OGC Aviation Domain Working Group 2016
The document provides guidelines for the use of GML and a GML profile description in the scope of aeronautical data encoding, in particular when using the Aeronautical Information Exchange Model (AIXM). In the future, the applicability of the guidelines contained in this document might be enlarge ...Click to continue reading

Use Cases and Applications of the OGC Moving Features Standard: The Requirements for a Moving Feature API  15-096  Akinori Asahara, Hideki Hayashi, Carl Reed 2016
This OGC Discussion Paper provides examples of some actual and potential geospatial applications using the OGC Moving Features encoding. These applications can be used to define the next steps in the development of the OGC Moving Features Standard: The definition of a “Moving Features API”. As a ...Click to continue reading

OGC Observations and Measurements – JSON implementation  15-100r1  Simon J D Cox, Peter Taylor 2015
This Discussion Paper specifies a potential OGC Candidate Standard for a JSON implementation of the OGC and ISO Observations and Measurements (O&M) conceptual model (OGC Observations and Measurements v2.0 also published as ISO/DIS 19156). This encoding is expected to be useful in RESTful impleme ...Click to continue reading

A Use-Case for Mobile Location Services with IndoorGML - Indoor Navigation for Visually Impaired People  15-075r1  Ki-Joune Li, Hyung-Gyu Ryu, Taehoon Kim, and Hack-Cheol Kim 2015
This OGC Discussion Paper provides a navigation use-case for the use of IndoorGML for mobile location services (MLS). In particular, the Discussion Paper explains how the OGC IndoorGML standard can be applied to a MLS application for visually impaired people in indoor space. Finally, a prototype dev ...Click to continue reading

OGC GeoPackage Plugfest Discussion Paper  15-012r2  Jeff Yutzler 2015
This OGC discussion paper presents the results of the GeoPackage Plugfest. In this initiative, participants had the opportunity to evaluate the compliance and interoperability of software that produces and consumes GeoPackages containing tiled raster data.

Envisioning a Tiled Elevation Extension for the OGC GeoPackage Encoding Standard  15-039  Jeff Yutzler 2015
The GeoPackage Standards Working Group (SWG) presents a vision for storing tiled gridded elevation data in a GeoPackage.

Spatial Data on the Web Use Cases & Requirements  15-074  Frans Knibbe, Alejandro Llaves 2015
This document describes use cases that demand a combination of geospatial and non-geospatial data sources and techniques. It underpins the collaborative work of the Spatial Data on the Web Working Groups operated by both W3C and OGC.

OGC Web Feature Service (WFS) Temporality Extension  12-027r3  Timo Thomas 2014
This OGC discussion paper provides a proposal for a temporality extension for the WFS 2.0 and FES 2.0 standard. It is based on the work of and experiences made in several OWS test beds, in particular OWS-7, OWS-8 and OWS-9, Aviation threads and discussions at the 2011 OGC TC meeting in Brussels, ...Click to continue reading

OGC HY_Features: a Common Hydrologic Feature Model  11-039r3  Irina Dornblut, Rob Atkinson 2014
Common semantics support the reference of features to the concept they represent and the integration of data proceed using the semantic framework such mappings provide. However there is no standard conceptual model for hydrologic feature identification. Different models of hydrologic processes, and ...Click to continue reading

OGC OpenSearch Extension for Correlated Search  13-068  Pedro Gonçalves 2014
This OGC discussion paper presents an OpenSearch query protocol extension for the execution of correlation queries between different Search Feeds. Services that support the OpenSearch Specification and Correlation extension defined in this document are called OpenSearch Correlation Services. With ...Click to continue reading

OGC Geospatial eXensible Access Control Markup Language (GeoXACML) 3.0 Core  13-100  Andreas Matheus 2013
This standard defines the version 3.0 of a geospatial extension to the OASIS eXtensible Access Control Markup Language (XACML) Version 3.0 standard. It thereby enables the interoperable definition of access rights / constraints using the XACML 3.0 language, processing model and policy schema but ext ...Click to continue reading

OGC Geospatial eXensible Access Control Markup Language (GeoXACML) 3.0 GML 3.2.1 Encoding Extension  13-101  Andreas Matheus 2013
This standard defines the version 3.0 of a valid GML 3.2.1 geometry encoding as defined in Geography Markup Language (GML) simple features profile (with Corrigendum) to be used with the GeoXACML 3.0 Core standard. The use of this encoding extension to GeoXACML 3.0 Core enables the direct use of GML ...Click to continue reading

OGC GeoXACML and XACML Policy Administration Web Service (PAWS)  13-099  Jan Herrmann, Andreas Matheus 2013
This specification defines the interfaces of the OGC (Geo)XACML Policy Administration Web Service (OGC (Geo)XACML PAWS or simply PAWS in the following) that supports the creation, modification, exchange, analysis, testing, transformation, encrypting and signing of XACML and GeoXACML encoded access c ...Click to continue reading

WaterML2.0 - part 2: Ratings, Gaugings and Sections Discussion Paper  13-021r3  Peter Taylor 2013
This document describes an information model for exchanging rating tables, or rating curves, that are used for the conversion of related hydrological phenomenon. It also describes a model describing the observations that are used to develop such relationships, often referred to as gauging observa ...Click to continue reading

NetCDF Uncertainty Conventions
 11-163  Lorenzo Bigagli, StefanoNativi 2013
This Discussion Paperproposes a set of conventions for managing uncertainty information within the netCDF3 data model and format: the NetCDF Uncertainty Conventions (NetCDF-U).

OGC Standard for Moving Features; Requirements  12-117r1  Ryosuke Shibasaki 2012
Applications using moving feature data, typically on vehicles and pedestrians, have recently been rapidly increasing. Innovative applications are expected to require the overlay and integration of moving feature data from different sources to create more social and business values. Efforts in thi ...Click to continue reading

WaterML 2.0 - Timeseries - NetCDF Discussion Paper  12-031r2  Doug Palmer 2012
This discussion paper investigates the possible uses of NetCDF as a representation of WaterML timeseries data. The work is largely based on the WaterML 2.0 standard for timeseries, the NetCDF core and extensions standards and the CF-NetCDF and ADCC conventions.

Web Processing Service Best Practices Discussion Paper
 12-029  Bastian Schäffer 2012
The following document contains best practices for identifying input data formats for the OGC WPS 1.0.0. It was created due to a lack of interoperability between different WPS implementation based on non-standardized input identifiers.

WS-Agreement Application Profile for OGC Web Services  11-094  Bastian Baranski 2011
This document specifies a) XML schemas for providing functional and non-functional service descriptions of OGC Web Services (OWS), b) an URN namespace for identifying exposed and measurable service properties of OWS and c) a DSL for defining and evaluating service level guarantees.

OGC® Event Service - Review and Current State  11-088r1  Johannes Echterhoff, Thomas Everding 2011
This Discussion Paper provides information on what has so far been called “Event Service” at OGC. The presented work is supported by the European Commission through the ESS project (integrated project, contract number 217951) and the GENESIS project (integrated project, contract number 223996) ...Click to continue reading

*FL Starfish Fungus Language for Sensor Description  11-058r1  Ingo Simonis, Chrsitian Malewski 2011
The Starfish Fungus Language was developed in response to the high number of complaints addressing issues with the OGC standard Sensor Model Language, SensorML. Most complaints circled around the high flexibility of the language in combination with unnecessary abstractions of technical terms, e.g. e ...Click to continue reading

License-Based Access Control  11-018  Rüdiger Gartmann, Bastian Schäffer 2011
This Discussion Paper proposes model for license-based access control to SOAP services, based on OASIS SAML 2.0. This approach is a potential solution for license-based access control, which requires the possession of a valid license for getting access to a service. Use of digital licenses allow use ...Click to continue reading

Guidance on the Aviation Metadata Profile  10-196r1  OGC Aviation Domain Working Group 2011
This paper explains how to map the Requirements for Aviation Metadata into a metadata profile.

Requirements for Aviation Metadata  10-195  OGC Aviation Domain Working Group 2011
This OGC Discussion Paper details the user requirements for metadata in the aviation domain. The requirements are at a high-level.

Requirements and Space-Event Modeling for Indoor Navigation  10-191r1  Claus Nagel, Thomas Becker, Robert Kaden, Ki-Joune Li, Jiyeong Lee, Thomas H. Kolbe 2010
This OpenGIS® Discussion Paper presents a Multilayered Space-Event Model for indoor navigation which simultaneously addresses route planning, multiple localization methods, navigation contexts, and different locomotion types. The paper contains the corresponding data models as well as their encodin ...Click to continue reading

Sensor Instance Registry Discussion Paper  10-171  Simon Jirka, Daniel Nüst 2010
This Discussion paper introduces the Sensor Instance Registry (SIR), a web service interface for managing the metadata and status information of sensors. Furthermore this service is capable of automatically harvesting sensor metadata, transforming the collected metadata sets into a data model compat ...Click to continue reading

Sensor Observable Registry (SOR) Discussion Paper  09-112r1  Simon Jirka, Arne Bröring, Daniel Nüst 2010
This Discussion paper introduces the Sensor Observable Registry (SOR), a web service interface for managing the definitions of phenomena measured by sensors as well as exploring semantic relationships between these phenomena.

Harmonising Standards for Water Observation Data - Discussion Paper  09-124r2  Peter Taylor 2010
This document investigates the potential for harmonisation of water data standards, with the goal of developing an OGC compliant standard for the exchange of water observation data. The work will be based on OGC‘s Observations and Measurements abstract model [10-004r2] . The goal is to create an O ...Click to continue reading

Sensor Interface Descriptors  10-134  Arne Broering, Stefan Below 2010
This document presents the Sensor Interface Descriptor (SID) schema that enables the declarative description of sensor interfaces, including the definition of the communication protocol, sensor commands, processing steps and metadata association. This schema is designed as a profile and extension of ...Click to continue reading

sensorML Extension Package for ebRIM Application Profile  09-163r2  Frédéric Houbie, Fabian Skivée, Simon Jirka 2010
This document describes the mapping of description of sensors using SensorML specification 1.0 [OGC 07-000] to an ebRIM structure within an OGCTM Catalogue 2.0.2 (Corrigendum 2 Release) [OGC 07-006r1] implementing the CSW-ebRIM Registry Service – part 1: ebRIM profile of CSW [OGC 07-110r4]. In ad ...Click to continue reading

SANY Fusion and Modelling Architecture  10-001  Stuart E. Middleton 2010
This document reports the considered SANY best practice for using OGC standards to provide generic fusion processing services. Concrete case studies are documented and a detailed appendix is provided with example of XML request and responses.

Web View Service Discussion Paper  09-166r2  Benjamin Hagedorn 2010
The Web View Service (WVS) is an extendable, interactive, image-based portrayal service for complex three-dimensional geodata such as 3D landscape and city models. 3D geodata is delivered as finally rendered images. Besides color images, relevant thematic and geometrical information such as object i ...Click to continue reading

Draft for Candidate OpenGIS® Web 3D Service Interface Standard  09-104r1  Arne Schilling, Thomas H. Kolbe 2010
A Web 3D Service (W3DS) is a portrayal service for three-dimensional geodata, such as landscape models, city models, textured building models, vegetation objects, and street furniture. Geodata is delivered as scenes that are comprised of display elements, optimized for efficient real time rendering ...Click to continue reading

Sensor Observable Registry Discussion Paper  09-112  Simon Jirka, Arne Bröring 2009
This Discussion paper introduces the Sensor Observable Registry (SOR), a web service interface for managing the definitions of phenomena measured by sensors as well as exploring semantic relationships between these phenomena.

OpenSearch Geospatial Extensions Draft Implementation Standard  09-084r1  Jo Walsh, Pedro Gonçalves, Andrew Turner 2009
The OpenSearch specification originates in a community effort built around Amazon's A9.com. It was intended to allow syndication of search results that could then be aggregated by one large index. The OpenSearch specification is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.5 li ...Click to continue reading

GeoRM Role Model  09-123  Roland M. Wagner 2009
The scope of this document is the update and the definition of GeoRM roles as a sub model of the GDI.NRW reference model (process model and architecture model). Key relationships are defined between these roles.

Grid coverage Coordinate Reference Systems (CRSs)  09-085r2  Arliss Whiteside 2009
This document summarizes the types of Coordinate Reference Systems (CRSs) that are recommended for use with grid (including image) coverages. This document specializes Best Practice Paper OGC 09-076r3 “Uses and Summary of Topic 2: Spatial referencing by coordinates” for grid coverages. Topic 2 ...Click to continue reading

CF-netCDF Encoding Specification  09-122  Ben Domenico 2009
NetCDF (network Common Data Form) is a data model for array-oriented scientific data, a freely distributed collection of access libraries implementing support for that data model, and a machine-independent format. Together, the interfaces, libraries, and format support the creation, access, and shar ...Click to continue reading

3D-Symbology Encoding Discussion Draft  09-042  Steffen Neubauer, Alexander Zipf 2009
This document present an extension of the Symbology Encoding (SE) /Styled Layer Descriptor (SLD) specifications into 3D as a separate profile.

Specification of the Sensor Service Architecture (SensorSA)  09-132r1  Thomas Usländer (Ed.) 2009
Specification of a generic service-oriented architecture integrating the access to, the management and the processing of sensor-related information based upon the emerging standards of the Open geospatial Consortium (OGC), and resulting from the requirements analysis of diverse application domains s ...Click to continue reading

Uses and summary of Topic 2: Spatial referencing by coordinates  09-076r3  Arliss Whiteside 2009
This document first discusses the uses for data sharing, and then provides a brief summary, of OGC Abstract Specification Topic 2: Spatial referencing by coordinates. Topic 2 is almost the same as ISO 19111:2007, but includes some corrections. This document includes some best practices for using Co ...Click to continue reading

OGC® Catalogue Services - OWL Application Profile of CSW
 09-010  Kristin Stock 2009
This document describes an Application Profile for the Web Ontology Language (OWL) [W3C OWL] for CSW. It is intended to define a specification for how ontologies built using RDF and OWL may be included within an OGC CSW catalogue to semantically-enable the catalogue.

Sensor Web Enablement Application for Debris Flow Monitoring System in Taiwan  09-082  Hsu-Chun James Yu, Zhong-Hung Lee, Cai-Fang Ye, Lan-Kun Chung, Yao-Min Fang 2009
This application document describes: 1) What is a Debris Flow Monitoring System. 2) How SWE implements in Debris Flow Monitoring System. 3) Tutorial for SWE developers.

Uncertainty Markup Language (UnCertML)  08-122r2  Matthew Williams, Dan Cornford, Lucy Bastin & Edzer Pebesma 2009
The Uncertainty Markup Language (UncertML) is an XML encoding for the transport and storage of information about uncertain quantities, with emphasis on quantitative representations based on probability theory.

Web Coverage Service (WCS) 1.1 extension for CF-netCDF 3.0 encoding
 09-018  Ben Domenico, Stefano Nativi 2009
This extension of the WCS standard specifies an Information Community data model with the related encoding that may optionally be implemented by WCS servers. This extension specification allows clients to evaluate, request and use data encoded in CF-netCDF3 format from a WCS server. This document i ...Click to continue reading

Event Pattern Markup Language (EML)  08-132  Thomas Everding, Johannes Echterhoff 2008
The Event Pattern Markup Language (EML) allows one to describe event patterns for event (stream) processing and analysis. It can be used to build multi stage filters for incoming events but also to derive higher information through combining and correlating multiple events. It can be applied on sing ...Click to continue reading

OpenGIS® Sensor Event Service Interface Specification  08-133  Johannes Echterhoff, Thomas Everding 2008
The Sensor Event Service (SES) provides operations to register sensors at the service application and let clients subscribe for observations available at the service. The service performs filtering of sensor data (streams) based upon the filter criteria defined in these subscriptions. Filters can be ...Click to continue reading

OWS-5 KML Engineering Report  07-124r2  Chris Holmes 2008
This Discussion Paper is about the use of KML, an encoding used to express geographic annotation and visualization on existing or future web-based online maps (2d) and earth browsers (3d). KML uses a tag-based structure with nested elements and attributes and is based on the XML standard.

Summary of the OGC Web Services, Phase 5 (OWS-5) Interoperability Testbed  08-073r2  Jessica Cook, Raj Singh 2008
The OGC Web Services, Phase 5 (OWS-5) Testbed was an initiative of the OGC Interoperability Program (IP). The primary focus of an IP activity is to collaboratively extend and demonstrate OGC‘s baseline for geospatial interoperability.

OWS5: OGC Web feature service, core and extensions  08-079  John Herring 2008
This standard specifies the behavior of a service that provides transactions on and access to geographic features in a manner independent of the underlying data store. It specifies discovery operations, query operations and transaction operations. Discovery operations allow the service to be interro ...Click to continue reading

OWS-5 WCS JPIP Coverage Subsetting Engineering Report  07-169  Steven Keens 2008
This OGC document represents an OWS-5 SWE thread Engineering Report on sub-setting georeferencable imagery. It discusses how to handle georeferencable imagery in the JPEG2000 format as well as using JPIP within the WCS-T and the SWE set of services.

OWS 5 Engineering Report: Supporting Georeferenceable Imagery  08-071  Mike Botts 2008
The scope of this document is to capture considerations and recommendations on approaches for supporting georeferenceable imagery within the OGC encodings and web services. Georeferenceable imagery is typically imagery coming from a remote sensor that has not been previously geo-rectified, resampled ...Click to continue reading

OWS-5 GeoRM License Broker Discussion Paper  08-076  Rüdiger Gartmann 2008
This document describes a License Broker Service (LB-Service) as specified and implemented in the OWS-5 test bed. The LB-Service provides configurable license models, which may contain configuration parameters to be defined by the licensee. The setting of these parameters affects the actual license ...Click to continue reading

OWS-5 GeoProcessing Workflow Architecture Engineering Report  07-138r1  Michael Werling 2008
This OGC® document describes the Workflow Architecture developed in support of Geoprocessing Workflow and Sensor Web Enablement threads of OWS-5. This information includes the overall architecture description, concepts, and issues. It also provides detail on the Conflation Workflow created as an ...Click to continue reading

OWS-5 Earth Observation Web Processing Services (WPS) Engineering Report  08-058r1  Stefan Falke 2008
This document serves to describe the use of web processing services and the OGC Web Processing Service (WPS) in earth observation (EO) applications. It provides an overview of web processing services and a description of developments related to earth observation implementations of OGC WPS in the OGC ...Click to continue reading

OWS-5 Conflation Engineering Report  07-160r1  Pete Brennen 2008
This OGC Engineering Report describes the process of conflation, outlines a framework for conflation and conflation rules services within a service oriented architecture, and describes the implementation of conflation services during the OGC OWS-5 testbed.

GML 3.2 implementation of XML schemas in 07-000
SensorML CR
 08-127  Simon Cox 2008

OWS-5 CITE Summary Engineering Report  08-084r1  Jen Marcus 2008
This document summarizes work completed in the OWS5 Compliance & Interoperability Test & Evaluation thread. This document is applicable to the OGC Compliance Test Program.

OWS-5 Considerations for the WCTS Extension of WPS  08-054r1  Max Martinez 2008
This document details considerations for using the WPS specification to define a standard coordinate transformation service.

OGC OWS-5 Engineering Report on WCPS  07-166r2  Peter Baumann 2008
This document represents the Engineering Report for the WCPS activity within the OWS-5 SWE thread. It summarizes tasks and outcomes.

OGC® OWS-5 ER: GSIP Schema Processing  08-078r1  Clemens Portele 2008
This OGC® document describes and discusses the OWS-5 enhancements in the process of creating application schemas in support of the NSG from NGA data based on the GEOINT Structure Implementation Profile (GSIP) which has been based on the NSG Application Schema and accompanying NSG Entity Catalog.

OGC® OWS-5 Engineering Report: Local MSD Implementation Profile (GML 3.2.1)
 08-077  Clemens Portele 2008
This document contains a data content specification for Local Mission Specific Data (MSD) and is based on the GEOINT Structure Implementation Profile (GSIP) developed by the NGA. This document defines the GML 3.2.1 (ISO 19136) encoding requirements for Local MSD. The structure of the document is bas ...Click to continue reading

Feature Type Catalogue Extension Package for ebRIM (ISO/TS 15000-3) Profile of CSW 2.0
 07-172r1  Kristin Stock 2008
This document describes a Feature Type Catalogue extension package for the OGC® ebRIM (ISO/TS 15000-3) Profile of CSW 2.0 [OGC 05-025r3]. It defines the way an ISO 19110 [ISO 19110:2005] Feature Type Catalogue is included within a Registry, and provides an information model and stored queries for s ...Click to continue reading

OWS-5 Data View Architecture Engineering Report  07-163  David Rosinger, Stan Tillman 2008
This OGC document presents a summary of the Data View Architecture experiment conducted as part of the Geo-Processing Workflow (GPW) thread in the OWS-5 test bed. The main activities in this experiment were the storage of Data Views in an ebRIM Catalog and the discovery and use of those Data Views b ...Click to continue reading

OGC® Loosely Coupled Synchronization of Geographic Databases in the Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure Pilot  08-001  Raj Singh 2008
This Discussion Paper documents results from the Interoperability Program CGDI Pilot and describes a suite of services that enable the sharing of geographic information across organizations for the purposes of: geographic database synchronization in support of a spatial data infrastructure; geograph ...Click to continue reading

OGC® Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure WFS and GML Best Practices  08-002  Peter Rushforth 2008
This document gives guidelines and recommendations for administrators, users and implementers of Web Feature Services serving Geography Markup Language encoded response documents.

OGC® Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure Summary Report  08-000  Raj SIngh 2008
This report summarizes the work performed under the Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure Pilot. The purpose of this pilot was to test the utility of certain OGC standards, in particular the Geography Markup Language (GML) and Web Feature Service (WFS), in the implementation of a spatial data infr ...Click to continue reading

OWS 5 SOAP/WSDL Common Engineering Report  08-009r1  Bastian Schaeffer 2008
This OGC document reports the results achieved in the OWS5 GPW-SOAP/WSDL thread which is focused on creating general recommendations and guidelines for WSDL/SOAP support to existing OGC Web Services.

FedEO Pilot Engineering Report  07-152  Corentin Guillo 2008
This document was developed during the FedEO - GEO AIP initiative of the OGC. It was contributed by the organizations involved in the Earth Observation and Natural Resources and Environment Domain Working Group (EO/NRE DWG) in the OGC Specification Program. The document describes recommendation for ...Click to continue reading

Wrapping OGC HTTP-GET/POST Services with SOAP  07-158  R 2008
Discussion of how to wrap OGC HTTP-GET/POST Services with SOAP

OGC Web Services Summaries  07-095r2  Arliss Whiteside 2007
This document provides brief and consistent summaries of several OGC Web Service interface specifications that serve data.

Web Coordinate Transformation Service  07-055r1  Arliss Whiteside, Markus U. M 2007
This Discussion Paper describes an interface specification for a web coordinate transformation service that now builds on version 1.1 of the OWS Common Specification [OGC 06-121r3]. All versions of this document specify an

Compliance Test Engine Interoperability Program Report  07-012  Jennifer Marcus, Chuck Morris 2007
As a work item in the OWS4/Conformance and Interoperability Test and Evaluation (CITE) project, Northrop Grumman Information Technology (NGIT) provided an open source web services compliance engine. NGIT refers to this engine as the Test Evaluation And Measurement (TEAM) Engine. It executes script ...Click to continue reading

GeoDRM Engineering Viewpoint and supporting Architecture  06-184r2  Christian Elfers, Roland M. Wagner 2007
This GeoDRM engineering viewpoint document describes use cases and concepts for GeoDRM, as well as references to distributed computing concepts which are not GeoDRM sensu stricto but are required for any GeoDRM implementation.

OWS 4 WFS Temporal Investigation  06-154  David S. Burggraf, Ron Lake, Darko Androsevic 2007
The objective of the proposed temporal extensions to the WFS is to enable temporal/geospatial queries using the GML temporal types against GML dynamic features employing either the snapshot or time history model (time slices).

OGC Web Services Architectural Profile for the NSG  07-009r3  Shayne Urbanowski 2007
The purpose of this document is to generally describe how the various OGC specifications may be used to address the needs of a large enterprise system. It highlights the key elements of the OWS-4 effort as they relate to web service architecture implementation at NGA and in the NSG. The goal is th ...Click to continue reading

The Specification Model -- Structuring an OGC specification to encourage implementation  07-056r1  John Herring, OAB, Architecture WG 2007
This standard specifies some desirable characteristics of a standards specification that will encourage implementations by minimizing difficulty and optimizing usability and interoperability.

Feature Styling IPR  06-140  Dr. Markus M 2007
Feature Styling is based on a distributed computational platform that employs a number of standard interfaces and encodings to allow for flexible, scalable and interoperable management of symbology (styles and symbols) in the process of producing maps from different kinds of data, most important ...Click to continue reading

Discussions, findings, and use of WPS in OWS-4  06-182r1  Steven Keens 2007
This document reviews the material discussed during the OWS-4 project, describes the WPS processes deployed in the workflows, and offers suggestions to the OGC to move forward with the WPS.

Frame image geopositioning metadata GML 3.2 application schema  07-032  Arliss Whiteside 2007
This document specifies a GML 3.2 Application Schema for frame image geopositioning metadata, for XML encoding of the georeferencing coordinate transformation parameters of an unrectified frame image. A frame image is one whose entire two-dimensional extent was collected at one time. A georeferencin ...Click to continue reading

OWS-4 CSW ebRIM Modelling Guidelines IPR  06-155  Tim Wilson, Renato Primavera, Panagiotis (Peter) A. Vretanos 2007
The OWS-4 CSW ebRIM Modelling Guidelines Interoperability Program Report (IPR) provides guidance for creating a standard methodology for mapping geospatial domain information models to ebRIM [www.oasis-open.org/committees/regrep/documents/2.0/specs/ebrim.pdf]. It also presents the results of mapping ...Click to continue reading

OWS4 - Topology Quality Assessment Interoperability Program Report  07-007r1  Paul Watson 2007
This document describes the purpose and function of the Topology Quality Assessment Service developed and deployed within the Geo-processing workflow thread of the OWS4 interoperability testbed.

CUAHSI WaterML  07-041r1  Ilya Zaslavsky, David Valentine, Tim Whiteaker 2007
This document describes the initial version of the WaterML messaging schema as implemented in version 1 of WaterOneFlow web services. It also lays out strategies for harmonizing WaterML with OGC specifications, the Observations and Measurement specification in particular.

Local MSD Implementation Profile (GML 3.2.1)  07-027r1  Clemens Portele 2007
This document contains a data content specification for Local Mission Specific Data (MSD) and is based on the GEOINT Structure Implementation Profile (GSIP) developed by the NGA. This document defines the GML 3.2.1 (ISO 19136) encoding requirements for Local MSD. The structure of the document is bas ...Click to continue reading

OGC Web Services Architecture for CAD GIS and BIM  07-023r2  Paul Cote 2007
This document lists the design principles and requirements for future versions of a potential architecture for integrating workflows and information models from Computer Aided Design and Building Information Modelling with the principles of the OGC Web Services Architecture.

Trusted Geo Services IPR  06-107r1  Cristian Opincaru 2007
The OGC Trusted Geo Services Interoperability Program Report (IPR) provides guidance for the exchange of trusted messages between OGC Web Services and clients for these services. It describes a trust model based on the exchange and brokering of security tokens, as proposed by the OASIS WS-Trust spec ...Click to continue reading

GeoDDS Mass Market (formerly GeoRSS) Interoperability Program Report  07-004  Panagiotis (Peter) A. Vretanos 2007
This OpenGIS(r) document describes the API for two web services capable of generating several simplified data formats including GeoRSS and the Basic XML Feature Schema (BXFS).

OWS-4 Workflow IPR  06-187r1  Steven Keens 2007
This document examines five workflows discussed during the course of the OWS-4 project.

Requirements for some specific simple solid, plane and line geometry types  07-001r3  Simon Cox 2007
This specification describes requirements for specific geometry types, including some simple solids, and planes and lines defined using an implicit parameterization.

OWS Integrated Client (GeoDSS Client)  05-116  Stan Tillman, Jody Garnett 2007
This Interoperability Program Report (IPR) provides an overview of the general requirements, architecture, and design considerations of

Geographic information - Rights expression language for geographic information - Part xx: GeoREL  06-173r2  John Herring 2007
This document extends the rights expression language (REL) to encompass the concerns of holders of geographic data and service resources to equally ensure their protection. This allows the geographic information market to operate with minimal constraints derived from need for the protection of inte ...Click to continue reading

Geospatial Semantic Web Interoperabiltiy Experiment Report  06-002r1  Joshua Lieberman 2006
The Semantic Web seeks to make the meaning as accessible as the material, by enabling connections - which are both logical and (machine) actionable - between concepts which a user presently understands and those which may be new and foreign. The Geospatial Semantic Web extends this capability to bot ...Click to continue reading

WMS - Proposed Animation Service Extension  06-045r1  Eric LaMar 2006
This document explains how the Web Map Server (WMS 1.0 [1] & 1.1 [2,3]) specification can be extended to allow map animations that move in space over time. It should be read in conjunction with the latest version WMS specification.

EO Application Profile for CSW 2.0
 06-079r1  Marc Gilles 2006
Explains how Catalogue Services based on the HMA (Heterogeneous Earth Observation Missions Accessibility) Application Profile for the OGC Catalogue Services Specification v2.0.1 [OGC 04-021r3] are organized and implemented for the discovery, retrieval and management of Earth Observation products met ...Click to continue reading

OWS3 GML Topology Investigation  05-102r1  David Burggraf, Stan Tillman 2006
Part 1 of this investigation is conducted by Galdos Systems. In this part, the OWS3 MSD3 geometric description is extended to include a topology encoding as defined by the MSD3 schema. Part 2 (Clause 6.2) of this investigation is conducted by Intergraph Corp. and describes and discusses the impacts ...Click to continue reading

Catalog 2.0 Accessibility for OWS3  05-084  Vincent Delfosse 2006
The OGC Catalog-Web Profile is a complex specification that implies usage of many concepts, such as ressources, metadata, registry, registry information model, harvesting, etc. This document is a user-friendly introduction to these concepts. It will help the understanding of the Catalog specificatio ...Click to continue reading

Access Control & Terms of Use (ToU) "Click-through" IPR Management  05-111r2  Roland M. Wagner 2006
This document demonstrats a number of functional capabilities related to rights management (Terms-of-Use, Authentication, content services) that need to be described and chained.

GML Performance Investigations by CubeWerx  05-050  Craig Bruce 2006
This report proposes and executes methods to evaluate the performance of the use of the Geography Markup Language (GML) as encoded in various ways.

Schema Maintenance and Tailoring  05-117  Clemens Portele 2006
Description of the schema tailoring process for the application schema development in the decision support services thread (GeoDSS) during the OWS-3 initiative

OGC Web Services (OWS) 3 UGAS Tool  05-118  Clemens Portele, Rafael Renkert 2006
This document contains a description of the UGAS (UML Application Schema to GML ApplicationSchema conversion) tool development in the decision support services thread (GeoDSS) during the OWS-3 initiative.

Temporal Standard Recommendations  06-022r1  James Resler 2006
This document summarizes recommendations for extending geospatial standards with regard to time-varying information. These proposals are the result of the National Technology Alliance program called Temporal Evaluation and Assessment (TEA).

OWS 3 GML Investigations - Performance Experiment by Galdos Systems  05-101  David Burggraf 2006
In this experiment, the retrieval time of GML features from a Web Feature Service (WFS) to a WFS client will be studied by varying certain control parameters including methods of encoding and compression. Four different control parameters including encoding format, data set size, bandwidth, and feat ...Click to continue reading

OWS-3 Imagery Workflow Experiments: Enhanced Service Infrastructure Technology Architecture and Standards in the OWS-3 Testbe  05-140  Yves Coene 2006
This document describes the results of an experiment addressing issues relating to the application workflow processing incorporating a variety of OGC specifications. It details the inputs provided to the Open Geospatial Consortium's (OGC) OWS-3 Testbed and the architecture of the testbed related to ...Click to continue reading

Geo Video Web Service  05-115  Joe Lewis 2006
A GeoVideo Web Service (GVS) is a web service that facilitates the viewing of live and/or archived feeds from video cameras. The feeds may be composed of: - A video stream - Textual data in a caption stream (e.g. GPS data, camera states and characteristics, custom XML data, such as SensorMLTML) - ...Click to continue reading

GML Point Profile  05-029r4  Ron Lake, Carl Reed, George Percivall 2005
This document defines a profile of the Geography Markup Language (GML) for a point geometry. Attention is drawn to the fact that this is a profile of GML version 3.1.1.

WMS Change Request: Support for WSDL & SOAP  04-050r1  Philippe Duschene, Jerome Sonnet 2005
This change proposal is an outcome of the Common Architecture thread of the OpenGIS Web Service 2 initiative. The aim is to add support for a standard WSDL description of the WMS interface in version 1.3.1.

OWS-2 Application Schema Development  04-100  Clemens Portele 2005
The OWS-2 Application Schema Development Discussion Paper describes the process for creating ISO 19109:2005 Application Schemas [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?c... in UML. It also describes the process used during the OWS-2 Initiative [http://www.o ...Click to continue reading

OWS 2 Common Architecture: WSDL SOAP UDDI  04-060r1  Jerome Sonnett 2005
This OGC document reports the work that occurred in the OWS2 Test Bed Common Architecture thread. This thread focused on the use of UDDI/WSDL/SOAP in the OGC Web Services architecture. It also provides guidelines for the use of these technologies.

Web Image Classification Service (WICS)  05-017  Wenli Yang, Arliss Whiteside 2005
The Web Image Classification Service (WICS) supports classification of digital images. A digital image is composed of pixel values organized into one or more two-dimensional arrays. The two dimensions of an image represent two axes in space based on a spatial coordinate reference system. The dimensi ...Click to continue reading

Image CRSs for IH4DS  05-014  Arliss Whiteside 2005
This Discussion Paper specifies image coordinate reference system (CRS) definitions designed for possible use by WCTS and WCS servers and clients, initially in the IH4DS thread of the OWS 2 interoperability initiative. This report specifies image CRS definitions suitable for both ungeorectified and ...Click to continue reading

Imagery Metadata  05-015  Barry Schlesinger 2005
Special XML schemas have been created for individual data sets, based on ISO 19115 and a general schema for the RSE. However, a generalized metadata XML schema should be available where possible; it should not be necessary to create special schemas for each data set. ISO 19139 can serve as such a ge ...Click to continue reading

Some image geometry models  04-071  Arliss Whiteside 2004
This discussion paper contains the material that is still relevant from Section 6 (or Appendix A) of the previous version 4 (document OGC 99-107) of OGC Abstract Specification Topic 7, titled "The Earth Imagery Case". That version of Topic 7 has now been superseded by a new version with th ...Click to continue reading

OWS1.2 Image Handling Design  04-051  George Percivall 2004
Image Handling is a thread in the OGC Web Services 1.2 (OWS1.2). This document defines the system design for Image Handling in OWS1.2. The system design responds to the requirements in OWS 1.2 Image Handling Requirements. The system design specifies two main services: Image Archive Service and Im ...Click to continue reading

OWS1.2 Image Handling Requirements  04-052  Arliss Whiteside 2004
This document was developed as part of the Image Handling Thread of the OGC Web Services Initiative Phase 1 Thread Set 2 (OWS 1.2). This document specified the requirements for the image handling functions to be supported by draft specifications prepared under that thread.

Geospatial Portal Reference Architecture  04-039  Louis Rose 2004
This Guide has been developed by the members of the Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. to assist the global geospatial technology community in implementing standards-based geospatial portal solutions that are compatible with Spatial Data Infrastructures in every nation. We offer this document as a re ...Click to continue reading

Geolinking Service  04-011r1  Peter Schut 2004
A Geolinking Service takes attribute data which refers to spatial features, and joins it to a geospatial dataset, so that it can be mapped by a WMS or used in a GIS. When a Geolinking Service uses data from a GDAS, and serves as a front end to a WMS, it enables real-time mapping of data stored in n ...Click to continue reading

Geolinked Data Access Service  04-010r1  Peter Schut 2004
A Geolinked Data Access Service (GDAS) provides a way to publish and access data that refers to spatial features (e.g. population data for countries). A GDAS can expose data from non-GIS databases so that it can be manipulated and mapped with the aid of a Geolinking Service.

OWS Messaging Framework  03-029  Stephane Fellah, Steven Keens 2003
This document defines a messaging framework to conduct communications between the OGC web services. It is independent of any transport protocol and any messaging encoding. By using the framework, the service designer could focus only on the message definitions and messaging flows for every action su ...Click to continue reading

Web Services Architecture  03-025  Josh Lieberman 2003
Specifies and discusses a common architectural framework for OGC Web Services

OGC Web Services UDDI Experiment  03-028  Josh Lieberman, Lou Reich, Peter Vretanos 2003
This document lists the design principles, requirements, and experimental results for future versions of a potential OGC - UDDI (Universal Discovery, Description, and Integration) profile of the OGC Catalog Implementation Specification. Specifically, it describes the usage scenarios, workplan, and e ...Click to continue reading

Service Information Model  03-026  Joshua Lieberman 2003
SIM specifies and discusses a common information model for OGC Web Services, also known variously or in part as service capabilities or service metadata.

OGC Web Services SOAP Experiment Report  03-014  J 2003
This document will discuss how OWS services can be ported to Web Services and highlight various issues/problems that have been discovered and need further discussion.

WMS Part 2: XML for Requests using HTTP Post  02-017r1  Jeff de La Beaujardiere 2002
This part of the Web Map Service (WMS) specification applies to those clients and servers which allow operation request encodings that are more complex than those permitted by the basic keyword/value encoding defined in WMS Part 1 [17]. Part 2 only describes the encoding of the request messages usin ...Click to continue reading

Web Terrain Server  01-061  Raj Singh 2001
The purpose of theWeb Terrain Server (WTS) is to produce perspective views of georeferenced data - typically 3-dimensional coverages.

XML for Image and map Annotation  01-019  John Evans 2001
Defines an XML vocabulary to encode annotations on imagery, maps, and other geospatial data. This vocabulary draws on the Geography Markup Language (OpenGIS