Federated Marine SDI

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Federated Marine Spatial Data Infrastructure (FMSDI) Pilot

Update 6 March 2023: 

The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) has issued the Call For Participation (CFP) for the OGC Fedated Marine Spatial Data Infrastructure Pilot 2023 (aka FMSDI Pilot Phase 4); the PDF version can be found here. Funding is available, and responses are due by April 14, 2023, @11:59 PM EST.

The Federated Marine Spatial Data Infrastructure (FMSDI) Pilot is an OGC Innovation Program initiative with the objective to enhance Marine Spatial Data Infrastructure (MSDIs), to understand MSDI maturity better and demonstrate the power of FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable) data in the context of the marine environment.

The pilot will lead to four main outcomes.

  1. Demonstration – A practical technology demonstration from global community experts showcasing federated Marine SDI for selected Land/Sea use cases. Possible examples include use cases for the Arctic, European Coastal Regions, and Southeast Asian region. The demonstration will show how using OGC, IHO, and other open standards enable the community’s ability to find, obtain, use, share, interoperate, and reuse data.
  2. Impact on OGC Standards – Lessons learned, gaps, and the need for changes to the OGC Standards Baseline will be summarized in an Engineering Report that will inform the OGC Standards Program.
  3. Impact on IHO Standards – Practical testing of relevant S-100-based IHO standards will accelerate the process for the adoption and implementation of IHO standards. The resulting Engineering Report will help inform the work of the IHO HSSC Working Group and will provide inputs to enhance the framework and its component standards.
  4. Development of the Marine Spatial Data Infrastructure (MSDI) Maturity Model – Providing a roadmap for MSDI development.

This pilot directly responds to the recommendations from the OGC-IHO MSDI Concept Development Study (CDS) and is evidenced by the success of the OGC-IHO collaboration in the OGC-IHO Maritime Limits and Boundaries Pilot to initiate a full-scale Pilot to demonstrate a multi-country, federated Marine Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) under land/sea interface use-cases. This pilot further builds on OGC Arctic Spatial Data Infrastructure Pilot results. The Marine Spatial Data Infrastructure Concept Development Study summarized the efforts and information gathered from a Request for Information which focused on in-depth data requirements, architecture, and standards needs for a Marine Spatial Data Infrastructure. In addition, the Maritime Limits and Boundaries Pilot worked to build a detailed implementation to test S-121 Standard data. Finally, the Arctic Spatial Data Infrastructure Pilot aims to utilize international standards to support a spatial data exchange focusing on the complex issues of Arctic marine space. This pilot’s next phases (phases 4 and 5) are still being planned.

The FMSDI pilot started in August 2021 and is currently planned to last at least until December 2023.  


A short description of the four phases is as follows:

Phase-4: Connecting Land and Sea for Global Awareness (Active Phase)

The Call for Participation (CFP) for the FMSDI Pilot 2023 (also known as FMSDI Pilot Phase-4) was released on March 3rd, 2023, and responses are due on April 14th, 2023. This phase will include three threads in three different locations, namely Singapore, Arctic Canada and Caribbeans. The Singapore thread will focus on bridging the gap between marine and terrestrial data systems and formats to enable interoperable and integrated systems and services towards the digital twins of the land-sea interface. The Canadian thread will focus on the Arctic and the development of geospatial data integration concepts that form the future of an integrated “Digital Arctic”; efforts through this work will contribute to the fundamental understanding of efficient and powerful spatio-temporal data integration and processing platforms through concepts such as digital twins, land-sea data integration and climate change scenarios, among others. The Caribbean thread will focus on how one can contribute to a better green economy by fully exploiting land-sea geospatial information and, in particular navigation data for new use cases.


Phase-3: Connecting Land and Sea to Protect the Arctic Environment 

The third phase, which started in July 2022, focused on land/sea use cases and extended the use cases developed in the second phase to add the Arctic region as a new location to the demonstration scenarios. Phase 3 advanced the implementation of open data standards, architecture, and prototypes for use with the creation, management, integration, dissemination, and onward use of marine and terrestrial data services for the Arctic. This phase includes an overarching, sea-based health and safety scenario incorporating the land/sea interface in the Arctic. And the scenario demonstrates the technology and data used with OGC, IHO, and other community standards in response to a grounding event and the evacuation of a cruise ship or research vessel in the Arctic. Incorporating the Arctic Voyage Planning Guide (AVPG) was also an important part of the phase 3 use case, where the main goal was to extend the use cases developed in the second phase of the FMSDI pilot and add the Arctic region as a new location to the demonstration scenarios. More detailed descriptions for this phase are available in HTML formatNational Geospatial-Intelligence Agency supports this phase. The final Engineering Report will be available in both HTML and PDF formats. Videos and media presentations are also available as a Youtube playlist.


Phase-2: Towards a Federated Marine SDI: IHO and OGC standards applied to Marine Protected Area Data 

The second, already completed phase, was to further advance the interoperability and usage of MPA data by implementing the IHO standard S-122 and several OGC API standards. It described a server built to serve MPA data through an OGC API – Features endpoint and two servers that combined MPA data with additional datasets and served it through both an OGC API – Features and an OGC API – EDR endpoint. To further demonstrate the interoperability of the components, three clients were built to consume the data offered by the servers, as mentioned earlier, under different scenarios. Especially, the Baltic/North Sea use case looked at utilizing numerous Marine Protected Area data and related data to identify Marine Protected Areas within the Baltic/North Sea. 

In the first thread of this phase, participants created a federation of MPA data from the various countries interested in the Baltic/North Sea region. The following image shows the participants and their role in this stage.