The CityGML standard defines a conceptual model and exchange format for the representation, storage and exchange of virtual 3D city models. It facilitates the integration of urban geodata for a variety of applications for Smart Cities and Urban Digital Twins, including urban and landscape planning; Building Information Modeling (BIM); mobile telecommunication; disaster management; 3D cadastre; tourism; vehicle & pedestrian navigation; autonomous driving and driving assistance; facility management, and; energy, traffic and environmental simulations.
CityGML 3.0 is an evolution of the previous versions 1.0 and 2.0 of CityGML. While the previous versions standardised a GML exchange format, CityGML 3.0 standardises the underlying information model, and can be implemented in a variety of technologies including GML. The CityGML 3.0 Conceptual Model Standard describes a common semantic information model for the representation of 3D urban objects. The primary function of the model is to define the human interpretation of modelled data objects as well as their geometric representation and relationships. As such the CityGML 3.0 Conceptual Model provides a framework for integrating, storing, and exchanging 3D geospatial data.
CityGML 3.0 allows data to be encoded in GML/XML, but also in JSON or database schemas. Additional benefits compared to previous versions include much better integration with BIM, the ability to represent indoor spaces in different Levels of Detail (LOD), support for dynamic data provided by sensors and simulations, and the capability to extend the information model into Application Domain Extensions using Model Driven Architecture tools.
A GML encoding for CityGML 3.0 is available for practical use. The respective XML schema files can be downloaded from here: https://github.com/opengeospatial/CityGML-3.0Encodings/releases
A CityGML 3.0 GML Encoding specification document is under development and will be issued as a separate encoding standard in due course.
As many datasets using both CityGML 1.0 and 2.0 have been created and are in active use, these specifications will not be deprecated. However, existing data can be upgraded to CityGML 3.0.
|Version||Document Title (click to download)||Document #||Type|
|3.0||OGC City Geography Markup Language (CityGML) Part 1: Conceptual Model Standard||20-010||IS|
|3.0||OGC City Geography Markup Language (CityGML) 3.0 Conceptual Model Users Guide||20-066||UG|
|2.0||OGC City Geography Markup Language (CityGML) Encoding Standard||12-019||IS|
|1.0||OpenGIS® City Geography Markup Language (CityGML) Encoding Standard||08-007r1||IS|
CityGML 3.0 Conceptual Model - UML Class Diagram (Enterprise Architect file): https://github.com/opengeospatial/CityGML-3.0CM/releases/download/3.0.0-final.2021.02.23/CityGML_3.0_Consolidated_Draft.eap
CityGML 3.0 Conceptual Model - UML Class Diagram (XMI files): https://github.com/opengeospatial/CityGML-3.0CM/releases/download/3.0.0-final.2021.02.23/XMI.Files.zip
CityGML 1.0 and 2.0 XML schemas: http://schemas.opengis.net/citygml/
Note: You may also download All Official OGC Schemas in a single zip file.
CityGML datasets (and 3D city models in further representations and data formats):
Example datasets for the CityGML 3.0 GML Encoding for education, software development, and testing purposes. Note, that these files can still change until the official release of the CityGML 3.0 GML Encoding specification (they have been stable now since 2020, though): https://github.com/opengeospatial/CityGML-3.0Encodings/tree/master/CityGML/Examples
Awesome CityGML - List of international Open Data 3D city models: https://github.com/OloOcki/awesome-citygml
Open-Source CityGML 3D Semantical Building Models in 2020: https://towardsdatascience.com/open-source-3d-semantical-building-models-in-2020-f47c91f6cd97
Cities/regions around the world with open datasets: https://3d.bk.tudelft.nl/opendata/opencities/
Open Data Initiatives: https://www.citygmlwiki.org/index.php?title=Open_Data_Initiatives
Test datasets in all Levels-of-Detail: https://www.citygmlwiki.org/index.php?title=KIT_CityGML_Examples
OGC managed list of implementations for CityGML: https://www.ogc.org/resource/products/byspec/?specid=516
CityGML Wiki with lists of commercial software, freeware, and Open Source software and tools: https://www.citygmlwiki.org
OGC Community Standard CityJSON 1.0, a JSON-based encoding for CityGML 2.0: https://docs.ogc.org/cs/20-072r2/20-072r2.html
CityGML Modeling Guide (provided by the SIG 3D of the German National Spatial Data Infrastructure GDI-DE) with recommendations on object structuring, geometry validation procedures, and data acquisition rules: https://en.wiki.quality.sig3d.org/index.php?title=Modeling