AIP Engineering Reports
GEOSS AIP-3 Engineering Reports

One of the major outcomes of the GEOSS Architecture Implementation Pilot, Phase 3 (AIP-3) is a set of Engineering Reports (ERs). Listed below is the set of coordinated ERs that describe the requirements, design, and implementation conducted during AIP-3. The ERs provide a portion of the augmentation of the GCI by AIP-3.

Select a link to view the Scope and Editors of an ER and a link to the report.

Engineering Reports(ERs)

Demonstration Videos

Demonstration videos can be accessed and viewed here, including

Contributions to GEOSS Best Practices Wiki  

Highlights of the AIP-3 Engineering Reports have been captured on the GEOSS Best Practices Wiki.  

For more Information:



Energy Engineering Report


Scope: The AIP-3 Energy scenario intends to provide spatial information on the life cycle environmental impacts of the production of photovoltaic electricity. As the production of energy is a major contributor to Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions, decision makers and policy planners need a better knowledge of the impacts on environment induced by the various technologies used for energy production, in order to select the most appropriate technologies. The scenario focuses on the assessment of such impacts for photovoltaic systems by a proper exploitation of data available within GEOSS.

During AIP-3, an extended set of web services related to Energy and Environment Impact Assessment has been made available as OGC Web Services and integrated with the webservice- energy Community Portal. A new OGC Catalog Service for the Web provided in the framework of the FP7 EnerGEO project has been deployed and registered in the GEOSS Registry. Rich Web Clients for geodata visualization and data retrieval allowing end-users to visualize environmental impacts parameters have also been implemented based on the FP7 GENESIS project solution.

Point of Contact Editor: Lionel Menard, MINES ParisTech

Contributing Editors: Isabelle Blanc, Didier Beloin- Saint-Pierre, Roland Hischier, Steven Smolders, Marc Gilles, Simone Gianfranceschi, Manfred Mittlboeck, Bernhard Vockner

The final document



Disaster Management Engineering Report


Scope: The AIP-3 Disaster Management Scenario describes a Reference Scenario to respond to any type of disaster. The reference scenario took into account the Thematic Product production process, the three phases of Crisis management (Early Warning, Activation and Post Crisis), and the critical role of a Coordinator actor to coordinate efforts between data processors, data providers and map producers.

An implementation of this Reference Scenario for the specific case of the flooding disaster management has been deployed by GIS.FCU integrating GEOSS standard components and services to supply the near- real-time dispatching for emergency vehicle during the response phase. The implementation involves the deployment of several services including a Historical Typhoon Path Web Service, a Web Feature Service for potential flooding areas and a Web Processing Service shortest path calculations.

Point of Contact Editor: Arnaud Cauchy, SPOT IMAGE

Contributing Editors: Lan-Kun(Peter )Chung, Pi-Hui (Pinky) Huang, Hui-Ju (Fion) Tsai, Chia-Hao (Sky) Chen

The final document



E-Habitat Engineering Report


Scope: The AIP-3 E-Habitat Use Scenario focuses on climate change impacts on protected areas, and is based on the e-Habitat model currently used in the context of DOPA (Digital Observatory for Protected Areas) – a biodiversity information system currently developed as a set of interoperable web services. The scenario integrates the e-Habitat framework with the semantic enabled broker framework of EuroGEOSS infrastructure. This integration enables the leveraging of information coming from other domains (agriculture, drought, etc) into the habitat computation.

A multitude of GEOSS standard components were used to support this scenario, including the GEO Portal, the EuroGEOSS/GENESIS Client application, the EuroGEOSS Discovery Augmentation Component Service, the EuroGEOSS Discovery Broker Service, the GENESIS SKOS Repository, e-Habitat WPS service and client, and a workflow engine.

Point of Contact Editor: Stefano Nativi & Mattia Santoro, CNR

Contributing Editors: Gregoire. Dubois, Jon Skoien, J. de Jesus, Bertrand De Longueville, Cristiano Fugazza

The final document



Arctic SDI Engineering Report


Scope: The AIP-3 Arctic Climate and Weather Forecast Model Visualization Scenario demonstrated publishing, discovery, and visualization of weather and climate data through GEOSS, highlighted value of geospatial standards common to Spatial Data Infrastructures as layers of interest to a conceptual Arctic SDI, and supported end-user desktop visualization of complex climate and weather models for decision support in the Arctic region. The support for the visualization of the data in KML viewers and globes was achieved through applying an OGC KML wrapper around data. The means to visualize and discover data in a globe viewer is especially valuable in polar regions where there’s systematic distortion of the landscape in more traditional cylindrical projections that conform at lower latitudes.

3 standards-based components were deployed and registered in GEOSS as part of this activity: a current weather forecast WMS and WCS (UCAR), a KML wrapper for wrapping the IPCC long- term model WMS services (GMU), and a station climatology KML from NOAA NCDC data (KML). Lessons learned on the experiences of deploying and registering those components as well as uing the GCI are documented in the ER.

Point of Contact Editor: Douglas D. Nebert, USGS/ FGDC

Contributing Editors: Yuqi Bai, Xuanang Cheng, Ben Domenico

The final document



Water Quality and Drought Engineering Report


Scope: The AIP-3 Water Drought ER focuses on the documentation of the GEO drought monitoring service, that was launched through AIP-3, , to meet the GEO drought tasks, along with the European Drought Observatory implementation of advanced semantic search capability through the EuroGEOSS Discovery Broker tools. A key deliverable is the specification of a set of tools that provide access to information published through a distributed water data infrastructure.

The report first explains why certain portal IT capabilities (“user requirements”) were selected for implementation and deployment within the global drought monitoring service. Capabilities selected include a drill-down capability, a global top-down vs. bottom-up design, incorporation of soil moisture, packaging of information in a user-friendly manner and the need for advanced search and discovery capabilities. The same ontology-enabled infrastructure performing advanced search and discovery permits easy access and display of the multi-disciplinary information within GEOSS, including linkage of drought maps to drought impacts within agriculture, biodiversity, disaster, health, and the other SBAs, thereby meeting the multidisciplinary mission of GEOSS.

With respect to such advanced search capabilities, the report highlights the “search by concept” work performed within the European Drought Observatory and the EuroGEOSS discovery broker. “Search by concept” is intended to not only improve the hit or miss success rate of keyword searches, but to also reduce the high amounts of irrelevant data returned by such searches.

Point of Contact Editor: Will Pozzi, NASA

Contributing Editors: C. Fugazza, M.J. Brewer,M. Santoro, S. Nativi, B.Lee, M. Enenkel

The final document



Air Quality Engineering Report


Scope: The AIP-3 Air Quality ER documents how the Air Quality Workgroup used and tested the GEOSS Common Infrastructure (GCI) in order to register, discover, and access datasets relevant to air quality management. During AIP-3, the Air Quality Workgroup focused on refining the air quality community infrastructure and on developing implementation scenarios using sensor observation services and web processing services.

The observation and processing services involved multiple OGC SOS services and clients for accessing, spatially interpolating and visualizing air pollution concentration point measurements from ground-based monitoring networks. For AIP-3, an SOS interface to the DataFed web services was developed to provide access to air quality and other atmospheric and environmental measurements from a variety of monitoring networks in North America and around the world. Furthermore, a WPS connector was developed to connect to an SOS and to execute the interpolation provided by the INTAMAP WPS.

Point of Contact Editor: Stefan Falke, Northrop Grumman

Contributing Editors: Stefan Falke, Erin Robinson, Christoph Stasch, Scott Fairgrieve

The final document



Engineering Use Cases


Scope: This AIP ER describes a set of transverse technology Use Cases developed and used in AIP. The Use Cases define reusable activities of a service-oriented architecture tailored for GEOSS. This report contains the general Use Cases that were specialized to implement the specific SBA Scenarios. The SBA Scenarios and specialized use cases are defined in separate AIP ERs. The Use Case ER contains a mapping of the use cases to the GEOSS AIP Components Types.

Point of Contact Editor: Josh Lieberman, Traverse/OGC

Contributing Editors: Nadine Alameh, OGC; George Percivall, OGC; Hervé Caumont, ERDAS/OGC

The final document



Data Harmonization Engineering Report


Scope: The AIP-3 Data Harmonization ER reflects a set of Data Harmonization requirements, gathered from GEOSS AIP scenarios and use cases, and emphasized in the context of the registration process of contributed resources to the GEOSS Common Infrastructure (GCI). As a result, the report underlines the prominent role of quality assurance procedures and quality measurements encodings for the development of interoperable, service-based, community applications that aim at supporting the combination of multiple source data products in a coherent way, so the resulting products are known reliable to a usage domain.

Recommendations to the GEOSS governance bodies are also captured in this report. A set of 20 recommendations cover the following topics: development of the geophysical parameters semantics and use for GEOSS data discovery, registration of additional supporting standards into the SIR and the need for additional guidance on their use from the CSR and Best Practices Wiki, and enhanced governance and liaisons within GEOSS for quality assurance processes and data products quality indicators.

Point of Contact Editor: Herve Caumont, ERDAS / OGC

Contributing Editors: Erin Robinson, Dan Cornford, Peter Walker, Giuseppe Ottavianelli, Brad Lee, Andrew Woolf, Ken McDonald, Nigel Fox

The final document



Vocabularies and Semantics


Scope: The AIP-3 Vocabularies and Semantics ER summarizes the outcomes of the first exploratory use of semantics (the new integrative technologies being deployed over the world wide web) to provide more user-friendly, seamless integration across cross-cutting activities within the GEO SBAs.

Addressing semantics is critical to GEOSS because it’s a global system, involving scientific variables collected within multiple countries having multiple languages, as well as geographic place names within multiple languages for the same place. Semantics offers capabilities to preserve the underlying concepts (such as drought) within all these languages. Semantics also provides the capability to automate the process of finding the exact information that the user needs.

The AIP-3 Vocabularies and Semantics scenario aimed at leveraging and further developing the RDF repository developed in the context of the GENESIS FP7 project and implementing the semantics-aware extension to the GI-CAT EuroGEOSS discovery broker. This new capability was tested in supporting of the AIP-3 Water/Drought and e-Habitat scenarios.

Point of Contact Editor: Cristiano Fugazza EC, JRC-IES

Contributing Editors: Masahiko Nagai, Stefano Nativi, Mattia Santoro, Will Pozzi

The final document



Unified Modeling (UML) Engineering Report


Scope: The GEOSS Unified Modeling team engineering report provides the depiction expresses the Reference Model of the Open Distributed Processing (RM-ODP) viewpoint using the Unified Modeling Language as the syntax. This is done by expressing each scenario of each GEOSS Societal Benefit Area in five viewpoints as described in ISO/IEC 10746:1996 Part 3 Reference Model ODP Architecture and description of the UML concepts and extensions provided in ISO/IEC 19793:2007

Point of Contact Editor: Lawrence McGovern

Contributing Editors: Elizabeth Davies and Arnold Galloway, PhD

The final document