White Papers

White Papers are OGC member-approved publications released to the Public that present a position on one or more technical considerations. They often include a high-level explanation of a standards-based architecture or framework of a solution. White Papers explain the results or conclusions of research and explore their applicability to an operational environment. A White Paper is not an official position of the OGC.

Document Title (click to view/download) Publication Date
OGC Benefits of Representing Spatial Data Using Semantic and Graph Technologies 2020
This paper does four things. Firstly, it describes the benefits of representing geospatial data using semantics, graph, and web technologies. Secondly, it gives an overview of the current capabilities of the GeoSPARQL standard, showing that many benefits of semantic and graph technologies are alread ...Click to continue reading

Geospatial Data Science 2020
This OGC White Paper describes Geospatial Data Science based on the Location Powers: Data Science Summit of November 2019. The white paper provides a description of the presentations and discussions of the summit along with recommendations for OGC activities to advance the field of Geospatial Data S ...Click to continue reading

Health Spatial Data Infrastructure: Application Areas, Recommendations, and Architecture 2020
This Health Spatial Data Infrastructure white paper provides a discussion about the collection, exchange, integration, analysis, and visualization of health and non-health data to support health applications. Applications that address health issues at global and population level scale as well as at ...Click to continue reading

OGC White Paper on Land Administration 2019
This white paper provides an overview of the land administration domain and proposes actions needed for design and develop implementation standards this domain. A close cooperation between the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) and ISO is expected to accelerate those developments. A huge task is wa ...Click to continue reading

The Role of Geospatial in Edge-Fog-Cloud Computing - An OGC White Paper 2018
“The cloud is dead – long live the cloud!” so begins an IEC White paper on Edge Intelligence.[1] The IEC White Paper continues that “Driven by the internet of things (IoT), a new computing model – edge-cloud computing – is currently evolving, which involves extending data processing to ...Click to continue reading

Big Geospatial Data – an OGC White Paper 2017
This white paper is a survey of Big Geospatial Data with these main themes: Geospatial data is increasing in volume and variety; New Big Data computing techniques are being applied to geospatial data; Geospatial Big Data techniques benefit many applications; and Open standards are need ...Click to continue reading

OGC® Open Geospatial APIs - White Paper 2017
OGC defines interfaces that enable interoperability of geospatial applications. API’s are a popular method to implement interfaces for accessing spatial data. This White Paper provides a discussion of Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to support discussion of possible actions in the Open G ...Click to continue reading

OGC Compliance Overview - Guide for Software Acquisition 2015
The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC®) provides international standards that are implemented worldwide in thousands of applications that use location information. To reduce the risk of applications not implementing a standard correctly, the OGC provides a compliance process for testing and certifyin ...Click to continue reading

OGC Information Technology Standards for Sustainable Development 2015
Sustainable development, "meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs,1 " will be accomplished by balancing social, economic and environmental objectives. In this paper the authors explain that rigorous standards for c ...Click to continue reading

OGC Information Technology Standards for Sustainable Development 2015
Sustainable development, "meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs, " will be accomplished by balancing social, economic and environmental objectives. In this paper the authors explain that rigorous standards for commu ...Click to continue reading

OGC Smart Cities Spatial Information Framework 2015
This White Paper supports development of a Smart Cities Spatial Information Framework based on these themes: K Smart Cities are high-density generators of innovation and information. K Location information is a major enabler of Smart City technology benefits. K Benefits of smart technology must ...Click to continue reading

OGC Smart Cities Spatial Information Framework 2015
This White Paper supports development of a Smart Cities Spatial Information Framework based on these themes: - Smart Cities are high-density generators of innovation and information. - Location information is a major enabler of Smart City technology benefits. - Benefits of smart technology must ...Click to continue reading

Cyberarchitecture for Geosciences White Paper 2014
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is developing "EarthCube” - Towards a National Data Infrastructure for Earth System Science . In a new partnership between GEO and the NSF Office of Cyberinfrastructure, NSF seeks transformative concepts and approaches to create a sustained, integrated d ...Click to continue reading

OGC Sensor Web Enablement: Overview and High Level Architecture 2013
A sensor network is a computer accessible network of many, spatially distributed devices using sensors to monitor conditions at different locations, such as temperature, sound, vibration, pressure, motion or pollutants[1]. A Sensor Web refers to web accessible sensor networks and archived sensor dat ...Click to continue reading

OGC® Sensor Web Enablement: Overview And High Level Architecture 2013
This OGC White Paper provides a high-level overview of and architecture for the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards activities that focus on sensors, sensor networks, and a concept called the “Sensor Web”. This OGC focus area is known as Sensor Web Enablement (SWE). ...Click to continue reading

Geospatial Business Intelligence (GeoBI) 2012
BI is an umbrella term for a major component of IT infrastructure. It encompasses Data Warehouses, Business Analytics, Dashboards and Scorecards. This IT infrastructure is associated with C-level decision-making in an organization. These decision-making tools have typically included location as a ...Click to continue reading

Architecture of an Access Management Federation for Spatial Data and Services in Germany 2012
An Access Management Federation (AMF) is a network of organizations that trust each other for the means of sharing protected resources among each other. Worldwide, many academic AMFs are available for the purpose of sharing information and services between academic institutions such as Universiti ...Click to continue reading

The Open Geospatial Consortium and EarthCube 2011
EarthCube aims to create an integrated system to access, analyze and share information that is used by the entire geosciences community. The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) is an organization of which more than four hundred companies and agencies are members, whose purpose is to create open sour ...Click to continue reading

Open Source and Open Standards 2011
This article is a White Paper jointly published by OGC and OSGeo. It was approved as an official joint OSGeo and OGC White Paper by the OSGeo Board of Directors in their 2011-05-05 Board meeting. The text was collaboratively edited, reviewed and finalized by more than a a dozen active OSGeo and OG ...Click to continue reading

OGC Standards and Cloud Computing 2011
This OGC White Paper discusses cloud computing from the perspective of OGC’s geospatial standards development activities and standards baseline. The paper begins with a discussion of what the cloud and cloud computing are. Unfortunately, there is still considerable misunderstanding in the geosp ...Click to continue reading

OGC Compliance Testing White Paper 2010
This white paper describes the OGC Compliance Testing Program. It provides information about: • The need for compliance testing to enable interoperability • How to obtain compliance certification • The difference between implementing and being certified • How compliance benefits provide ...Click to continue reading

OGC Identifiers - the case for http URIs 2010
The OGC provides a large number of resources to support the construction of spatial data infrastructures, including documents, specifications, schemas and concept definitions. When deployed, the infrastructures require persistent reference to these resources, enabled by persistent identifiers. Th ...Click to continue reading

Click here to view previously published white papers.